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中国茶Q&A 之 什么是茶

What is tea?

· 中国茶问答 Q and A s

整理中外新茶友关于中国茶的一些提问,并以中英对照形式作答,现将部分小文选登与大家探讨,也欢迎留下你的问题。

祝各位得清福,享茶寿。

 

Hi ,here is one of the "Q&As on Chinese Tea" , if you have any questions please do not hesitate to leave me a message.

什么是茶?

 

茶树原产于中国,拉丁名Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Ktze,山茶科山茶属植物,有高达十余米的乔木型,树高1~3米的灌木型和介于两者之间的的半乔木型(小乔木型)三种类型,又细分为诸多品种,但不同茶类的茶叶(如红茶、绿茶)可由同一棵茶树的芽叶加工制成。中国也是首先发现和饮用茶的国家, 现在世界各国语言中“茶”词的读音,大多源于中国福建厦门及广东方言的译音。

 

茶也指茶树芽叶及其制成的饮料,传说以茶为饮料始于五千多年前神农时代,茶与咖啡、可可是世界三大饮料。

China is the homeland of tea. The Latin name of the plant is Camellia sinensis (L.)O. Ktze, which mainly has three types: tree type with the height up to morethan 10 metres, shrub type with the height between 1 to 3 metres and semi-arbtype (small tree type) with the height between the first two types. Besidesthese three main types, the plant is also divided into various sub-types.However, different tea ( black tea or green tea) can be made of the tree leavesof the same tree.

China is also the first country to discover and drink tea. Now most pronunciations of the word “tea” in different languages are originated from the transliteration in China's Fujian, Xiamen and Guangdong dialect.

Tea actually refers to the tree leaves or the drink made of tree leaves. The legend said people started to use tea as a kind of drink in ancient time of Shennong(Patron of Agriculture) over 5000 years ago. Tea, together with coffee and cocoa are the three major drinks of the world.

参考资料:

《中国茶叶大辞典》 陈宗懋主编 中国轻工业出版社

《中国茶经》 陈宗懋 主编 上海文化出版社

《茶艺技师培训教材》江用文 童启庆 著 金盾出版社

感谢关注吉木工作室,本文内容为原创,非经允许不可转载.

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