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中国茶Q&A 之 红茶有哪些代表名茶?

What are the famous representatives of black tea?

 

本期中国茶问答是关于红茶

Hi ,here is another one of the Q&As on Chinese Tea——

红茶有哪些代表名茶?

Q:What are the famous representatives of black tea?

答:红茶是全发酵茶,经萎凋、揉捻、发酵、干燥制成。红茶的茶汤多为红色、而干茶多为黑色,滋味较绿茶、白茶等茶类更加浓郁。根据制造方法不同分为小种红茶、工夫红茶和红碎茶。

红茶的代表名茶有正山小种、祁门红茶、滇红工夫 等。

A:BLACK TEA is made from the leaves of the tea shrub (Camellia sinensis) after the processes of withering, rolling, fermenting, and drying. It is FULLY oxidized and stronger in flavor than green tea and white tea. Actually, the infusion of black tea is red; however, its oxidized leaves are usually black, hence its name.

Black tea is planted in different provinces of China and has many varieties but there are three main types: Sou chong black tea, Congou, and Broken black tea.

Representatives of black tea are Zheng Shan Souchong ,Qimen Black Tea(Keemun Black Tea),Yunnan Black Tea ect .

我喜欢的茶属于其中哪一类?

我适合喝哪类茶?

更多问题请继续关注中国茶问答,也欢迎留言写下你想问的问题。

THEN which category does my favourite tea belonged in?

Which would be the best tea for me ?

Please stay tuned to this column.if you have any questions please do not hesitate to leave me a message.

红茶小知识 Tips About black Tea

1 英语中的BLACK TEA 汉语叫做红茶,由其颜色红亮的茶汤,而非乌黑的干茶得名。

In China black tea is called, more appropriately, hong cha – red tea – after it’s the bright red colored tea soup.

2 红茶中所含的咖啡因几乎是六大茶类中最高的。

It contains the highest amount of caffeine among Chinese tea categories.

3 世界四大红茶分别为:祁门红茶、大吉岭红茶、阿萨姆红茶和锡兰红茶,均以产地来命名。

The four world famous Black Tea : Keemun Black Tea, Darjeeling Black Tea, Assam Black Tea and Ceylon Black Tea, all named after the place of origin .

4 冲泡绿茶时水温过高会导致苦涩,而适宜冲泡红茶的水温则高至90-95 °C。

Unlike green tea, which turn bitter when brewed at higher temperatures, black tea should be steeped in water brought up to 90–95 °C.

参考资料:

《中国茶叶大辞典》 陈宗懋主编 中国轻工业出版社

《中国茶经》 陈宗懋 主编 上海文化出版社

鸣谢 为我校对英文部分的Shelley !

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